Two of them (v13)
- “Them” refers to disciples.
- One of them was named Cleopas.
- Many commentators have speculated that the other disciple was Cleopas’s wife.
Were going to Emmaus (v13)
- They were likely returning to their home in Emmaus.
- They had been in Jerusalem for Passover during the previous week.
- As disciples, they may have been following Jesus for some time.
Talking with each other about all these things (v14)
- “All these things” referred to what Luke has described in the previous chapters.
- Primarily, it means everything that had happened since Thursday night.
- Jesus’ betrayal, arrest, and trial.
- Jesus’ death and burial.
- The missing body and reported resurrection.
Their eyes were kept from recognizing him (v14)
- It was God who prevented them from recognizing Jesus.
- This was typical of Jesus’ post-resurrection appearances.
- Jesus wanted them to be convinced by Scripture and not by the astonishing sign of his appearing to them.
What is this conversation. . . ? (v17)
- Jesus didn’t ask the question for his own benefit.
- His purpose was to lay a foundation for his teaching.
- He would affirm from the word where they were right.
- He would correct from the word where they were in error.
Their testimony about Jesus (v19)
- He was a prophet.
- The role of a prophet was to reveal God to his people.
- Jesus was the prophet, the ultimate revelation of God.
- He was mighty in deed and word.
- His deeds showed that he was both God and Messiah.
- His teaching pointed people to the Father as well as to his own ministry.
- He was righteous before God.
- He amazed the people.
- For some he was merely a sensation.
- But for those who followed him, he transformed them.
Their hope for Jesus (v21)
- They hoped he was the one to redeem Israel.
- They understood this redemption to be like their deliverance from Egypt.
- It was like that, but not political liberation from Rome.
- The Messiah would bring spiritual liberation from sin and death.
Their account about what had happened (v23-24)
- The women did not find his body in the tomb.
- Some of the disciples confirmed what the women had said.
- But they did not see the risen Lord.
- They apparently would not believe until someone saw Jesus alive.
Slow of heart to believe (v25)
- Jesus did not rebuke them for not being convinced by the empty tomb.
- Jesus did rebuke them for not believing the Scriptures (what the prophets have spoken).
Jesus’ Correction (v26-27)
- Jesus did not correct them by revealing himself to be the risen Messiah.
- His rhetorical question (“Was it not necessary. . . ?”) pointed back to the Scriptures and to his own teaching.
- On the road to Emmaus, he began to interpret the Scriptures to show them the truth of these things.
Beginning with Moses (the Pentateuch) (v27)
- God’s curse of the serpent (Satan) in Genesis 3:15 prophesied Christ.
- Noah’s ark was a type of Christ as God saved Noah and his family from God’s judgment (Genesis 6:8).
- God’s promises to Abraham were to be fulfilled through Christ (Genesis 12).
- In the New Covenant (Genesis 15) God committed to pay the penalty for sin himself.
- Christ would replace Isaac as a sacrifice (Genesis 22) and the nations would be blessed through Abraham’s offspring (Christ).
- In Joseph we see another type of Christ (Genesis 37-50).
- He was rejected and betrayed.
- He was falsely accused and punished.
- He forgave.
- He saved his people.
- Moses is also a type of Christ, delivering the people from bondage (Exodus).
- The Passover Lamb represents Christ (Exodus 12).
- Manna from heaven and water from the rock represent Christ (Exodus 16-17).
- Everything about the Tabernacle points to Christ (Exodus 25-27).
- In Leviticus we see the priests and sacrifices, which represent Jesus (Leviticus).
- In Numbers the bronze serpent is lifted up (Numbers 21).
- In Deuteronomy Moses affirms that he is a type of Christ (Deuteronomy 18:15).
All the Prophets (the rest of the Old Testament) (v27)
- More types of Christ:
- Joshua who brought the people into the promised land.
- Each of the judges who delivered the people from their oppressors.
- Boaz, the kinsman redeemer.
- David, the anointed one.
- Jonah, who spent three days in the belly of a fish.
- There are hundreds of prophecies about Jesus’ birth, death, and resurrection. Here are just a few:
- Born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2).
- Born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14).
- Descended from Abraham (Genesis 12:3).
- From the tribe of Judah (Numbers 24:17).
- Heir to David’s throne (Isaiah 9:7).
- Rejected by his own (Psalm 69:8).
- Betrayed (Psalm 41:9).
- Falsely accused (Psalm 35:11)
- Silent before his accusers (Isaiah 53:7).
- Spat on and struck (Isaiah 50:6).
- Killed with criminals (Isaiah 53:12).
- Hands and feet were pierced (Psalm 22:16).
- Forsaken by the Father (Psalm 22:1).
- Buried with the rich (Isaiah 53:9).
- Resurrected from the dead (Psalm 16:10).
- Ascended into heaven (Psalm 68:18).
- Seated at God’s right hand (Psalm 100:1).
- A sacrifice for sin (Isaiah 53:5-12).
Their reaction (v31-32)
- After sharing a meal with Jesus in Emmaus, their eyes were opened and they recognized him.
- It wasn’t that something Jesus did triggered the recognition.
- God opened their eyes because Jesus’ purpose in explaining the Scriptures was accomplished.
- Having ministered to them, he vanished from their sight.
- The reaction that Luke records is revealing:
- They did not remark that they had just seen the risen Lord.
- They did not remark that he had just vanished,
- Their focus was on the effect the Scriptures had had on them.
- As with the disciples on the road to Emmaus, God does not expect us to draw our own conclusions from our own observations and experiences.
- God wants us to look to his word as our source of truth.
- As Jesus interpreted the Scriptures for the disciples, the Holy Spirit interprets for us today.