The Author of the Letter
Simon Peter: His Indentity
Simon, the man Peter was before he met Jesus, was:
- Boastful (Matthew 26:33)
- Impetuous (John 18:10)
- Self-interested (Luke 9:46)
Peter’s new name is symbolic of a change:
- He became a new creation in Christ Jesus.
- This change was both an event and a process.
A Servant: His Relationship
- The Greek translated servant here is doulos.
- doulos means “one who is owned.”
- A more accurate translation is slave.
- Three characteristics of a slave:
- A slave is humble (Philippians 2:3-7).
- A slave is obedient (Romans 6:16).
- A slave is devoted (Matthew 6:24).
An Apostle: His Office
- An Apostle had unique authority to represent the mind and words of Jesus (John 14:15; 2 Timothy 1:1: Galatians 1:11-12; 2 Peter 1:20-21).
- The Apostles’ words are the words of Christ.
The Recipients of the Letter
The defining characteristic of the recipients is faith.
- The relationship of faith to salvation:
- Salvation is by grace.
- Salvation is in Christ.
- Salvation is through faith (Ephesians 2:8).
- Salvation defined in Hebrews 11:1.
- Faith gives assurance or substance to the things we hope for.
- Faith gives us conviction or certainty of things we cannot see.
Saving faith must be obtained.
- Saving faith is extrinsic (not in your nature, coming from outside) (Ephesians 2:8; James 2:19).
- The Greek word translated obtained here is lagchanō.
- Lagchanō means “obtain by divine appointment.”
- Lagchanō can be translated “was was allotted,” as in Acts 1:17.
The faith of all believers is of equal standing
- There is one faith for all who will be saved: Jew or Gentile, clergy or laity, early church or modern day Christian (Ephesians 4:4-6; Jude 3).
- Our faith is precious (1 Peter 1:7).
Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us through faith (2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 3:21-22).