Introduction to the Joy of Forgiven Sin
- A penitential psalm (Ps. 6; 32; 51; 102; 130; 143) expressing the writers deep grief/sadness over their sin.
- Penitential psalms picture the first two Beatitudes (Mt 5:3-4)
I. The Blessedness of Forgiveness (v. 1-2)
- Blessed = deep-seated joy and contentment in God
- Plural = Oh the blessedness or double-joys
- This blessedness is based on knowledge.
Three Words for Sin:
- transgression—”a going away” a “departure” or “rebellion” against God and His authority.
- sin— “falling short” of the mark (Rom 3:23)
- iniquity— “corrupt” “twisted” or “crooked”
Some New Testament words for Sin:
- Sin (hamartia) – missing the mark, short of the bulls eye (perfection) Rom. 3:23.
- Transgression (parabasis) – stepping across the line, or going beyond the limits intentionally 1 Tim. 2:14, James 2:9
- Lawlessness / Iniquity (anomia) – intentional or flagrant sinfulness 1 John 3:4
- Trespass (paraptoma) – slipping or falling out of carelessness (trespass) Eph. 2:1
Three Words for What God Does with Sin
- forgiven—”lifted off” or “taken away”
- covered—taken from the Day of Atonement
- not counted—bookkeeping term. God does not count our sin against us (Romans 4)
II. Effects of Unconfessed Sin (v. 3-4)
- Physically effects our health and energy
- God’s hand of judgment is on you
Sorrow and Grief are not the same as repentance
III. True Confession of Sin (v. 5)
- It is comprehensive—David acknowledges all aspects of his sin.
- David confessed it all and God forgave it all! Immediately!
IV. David’s Response After Confession of Sin (v. 6-7)
- Encourages others to do likewise (Ps 51:13)
- Understands that judgment will come and now is the time (Is. 55:6, 2 Cor. 6:2)
- Understands that God will personally protect, preserve and deliver him.
V. God’s Promise to the Confessor of Sin (v.8-10)
- God will instruct, teach, and counsel you (Eph. 2:8-10; Titus 2:11-14)
- God cautions us against ignoring His instruction and the effect of sin in our lives.
VI. Conclusion (v. 11)
Three responses to forgiveness:
- be glad—
- shout for joy—